The best way to travel in Helsinki is by foot. Distances in the center area are very short and if it rains, you can always take cover in the tunnel system under Helsinki connecting the biggest shopping centers together.
There are very good bicycling roads all around Helsinki, which make the travelling by bike easy during summers.
Trams are an easy way to travel slightly longer distances, although in rush hours it can be faster to go walking or by bike. If you travel to east, you may want to consider the metro, which is very fast, reliable and orange.
In order to reach the suburbs of the metropolitan area, you probably need to use the extensive local bus network, which radiates in all directions from the centre of Helsinki. Buses to western metropolitan area depart from the Kamppi Centre, and from the Main Railway Station to all other directions.
If you need to go further, local and long distance trains will take you to other parts of Finland. All train services originate at the Main Railway Station, and all train services also call at the Pasila Railway Station a few kilometers north of the city centre.
Tickets and fares
All travel inside the Helsinki metropolitan area (including Vantaa, Espoo and Kauniainen) is done by the common HSL tickets and fares. The same ticket allows you to use trams, buses, the metro and local trains to reach your destination. You can buy HSL tickets from ticket machines at major stations, from R-Kiosks or straight from the bus or tram driver. For information about the tickets and fares, go to: http://www.hsl.fi/EN/ticketsandfares/Pages/default.aspx.
Long distance train travel is operated by VR, for information on train tickets, go to http://www.vr.fi. Long distance bus travel is organized by Matkahuolto, go to http://www.matkahuolto.fi for schedules and prices.
Trams, the metro and trains operate on the honor principle, there are no ticket gates. In buses, you need to show your ticket to the driver (or the ticket reader) upon entry.
Almost all daytime public transportation services stop operation sometime between midnight and 2 AM. During nighttime, a limited and separate network of night buses operate from both sides of the Main Railway Station (the squares of Rautatientori and Elielinaukio) and from Kamppi. Normal tickets are not valid in night services, you need to buy a separate ticket onboard.
Transportation to and from Helsinki Airport
Bus 615 operates a direct service from Helsinki Airport to Helsinki Main Railway Station around the clock. Single fare is 4 EUR (6 EUR after 2 AM).
Another way to get from the airport to the center is by Finnair operated “Finnair City Bus”, which leaves every 20 minutes until midnight and costs 6.20 EUR.
You can easily go to Tallinn, Stockholm, Rostock, Travemünde, Gdynia or St. Petersburg by ferry from Helsinki.
Ferry to Tallinn
There are many options to choose from to go to Tallinn from Helsinki. You can take the Tallink Silja Line or Eckerö Line from the West Harbour, Viking Line from Katajanokka or Linda Line from Makasiiniterminaali. These companies organize also themed party cruises. Prices vary a lot depending on the season, weekday, cruise type and the size of the cabin, but you should expect to pay up from 20 €/person. Each company has a lot of offers around the year, so remember to check their websites.
For more information, check out To Tallinn from Helsinki by Ferry -post.
Ferry to Stockholm
Ferry to Travemünde, Rostock and Gdynia
Ferry to St. Petersburg
St. Peter Line operates cruises from Helsinki to St. Petersburg. More details on their website.